The Impact: Tax Cuts & Jobs Act on Corporate Taxes 

 June 15, 2022

Table of Contents:
1. Introduction
2. Corporate Tax Rates
3. Pass-Through Entity Deduction
4. Repatriation Tax
5. Interest Deductibility
6. Bonus Depreciation
7. Opportunity Zones
8. Research and Development Credits
9. Conclusion


The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), effective from 2018, introduced significant changes to the U.S. tax code. It was intended to ease the tax burden on individuals and businesses while stimulating economic growth. The Act had a significant impact on corporate taxes, driving many businesses to assess their tax planning and profit strategies. This article will examine the key impacts of the TCJA on corporations and provide a detailed analysis of each subheading.

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Corporate Tax Rates:

One of the most significant changes was the TCJA reducing the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%. The lower rate allows businesses to keep more of their profits, and it’s anticipated that the decrease will encourage increased investment in the economy. However, the reduction comes with limitations, including measures to discourage multinational corporations from formulating tax avoidance strategies.

Pass-Through Entity Deduction:

Pass-through entities such as partnerships, S corporations and LLCs, have typically seen their profits taxed at the individual owner’s tax rate. The TCJA allows for a deduction of up to 20% of taxable income for such entities. This is an attractive option for business owners who aim to have their profits taxed at a lower rate.

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Repatriation Tax:

U.S. corporations with overseas profits were subject to a one-time Corporations were previously deferring their foreign earnings to avoid the high U.S. repatriation tax. The act prevents such avoidance by mandating a one-time repatriation tax of 15.5% on cash gains and 8% on non-cash gains. The tax provides an incentive for corporations to bring that money back to the United States.

Interest Deductibility:

The TCJA has limited the amount of interest a business may deduct from its income. The limit is now 30% of adjusted gross income. The limitation’s primary goal is to reduce the tax benefits of excessive borrowing, as it is a potential tax shield.

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Bonus Depreciation:

Businesses may now deduct 100% of the cost of many types of property, such as equipment and machinery, in the same year they are acquired or put in service. The bonus depreciation applies to both new and used property, providing businesses with significant tax breaks in the year of purchase.

Opportunity Zones:

The TCJA created opportunity zones for investing in economically distressed communities. Businesses may benefit from the program by obtaining substantial tax credits against capital gains tax as well as other possible tax savings.

Research and Development Credits:

Tax credits for research and development expenses were continued in the TCJA, and some new incentives were provided. The changes included an increase in the alternative simplified credit, a reduction in the eligibility requirements for businesses with low gross receipts, and an expansion in the definition of qualified research expenses.

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The TCJA has had a substantial impact on corporations and their taxes. Businesses must understand and take advantage of the new changes. Companies should review their policies and strategies, seeking appropriate guidance from experts to help navigate the complex changes introduced in the TCJA. It is vital for businesses to work proactively to evaluate and optimize their tax positions best.

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